Marina Apollonio Italian, b. 1940
Marina Apollonio (Marina Apollonio, November 12, 1940, Trieste, Italy) – Italian painter, representative of the style of op art. She received her artistic education at Venice Academy of fine arts. In the 60s, Apollonio began to explore architectural solutions for interiors, and then turned to the study of the ways of visual communication. In 1963, she began to create metal reliefs with alternating color sequences. This unique work has brought her wide popularity, particularly those where the motion effect was created using concentric circles. In the ' 70s, Apollonio moved from the circles to the parallel colored lines, and then began to work with textiles. The artist worked in Italy and abroad, but in the 80s she decided to devote herself to research.
Marina Apollonio was born in Trieste on 12 November 1940. She and her family moved to Venice when she was eight. In Venice she attended the Accademia di Belle Arti di Venezia.
In 1963 Apollonio produced her first work, Metal Reliefs with Alternate Color Sequences. She shared with other Op-Artists the interest in a depersonalized art, as opposite to Abstract Expressionism. She used industrial material in her process, creating dynamic and fluctuating environments in the user's perception.
In 1965 she became part of the international Op Art movement, meeting and exhibiting with artists such as Gruppo N Padua; Gruppo T Milan; Getulio Alviani; Dadamaino and Azimuth Milan. In the same year she was invited to Nova Tendencija 3 an international group show held at the Galerija Suvremene Umjetnosti in Zagreb, to Aktuel ’65 at the Galerie Aktuel Bern and, together with Getulio Alviani and Paolo Scheggi, the Oeuvres Plastiques et Appliquèes at Galerie Smith in Bruxelles.
In 1975 Apollonio started making work based on the hortogonal relationship of parallel colored lines. In 1981 she expamded her practice to textiles, showing her works at the Laboratorio Artivisive Foggia and later, in 1983, at the exhibitions Morbide & Trame, at the Civica Galleria d’Arte Contemporanea in Foggia and Testi Tessili, at the Il Monte Analogo Library in Rome.
In 2007 she presented her work Spazio ad attivazione cinetica 1967-1971/2007, a 10-meter rotating disc, in the Schirn Kunsthalle Frankfurt for the international show Op Art, where she was invited to exhibit together with Victor Vasarely, Bridget Riley, François Morellet, Julio Le Parc and Gianni Colombo. Her work has also been included in other Op Art shows such as Optic Nerve: Perceptual Art of the 1960s, at the Columbus Museum of Artand Bit International Nove tendencije - Computer und visuelle Forschung. Zagreb 1961-1973, at the Neue Galerie in Graz.